Monthly Archives: January 2016

Why do we dream?

Dreams have fascinated philosophers for thousands of years, but only recently have dreams been subjected to empirical research and concentrated scientific study. Chances are that you’ve often found yourself puzzling over the mysterious content of a dream, or perhaps you’ve wondered why you dream at all.

But first, lets talk about What dreams really are?

Dreams are successions of images, ideas, emotions, and sensations that occur usually involuntarily in the mind during certain stages of sleep. The content and purpose of dreams are not definitively understood, though they have been a topic of scientific speculation, as well as a subject of philosophical and religious interest, throughout recorded history. The scientific study of dreams is called oneirology.

Dreams mainly occur in the rapid-eye movement (REM) stage of sleep when brain activity is high and resembles that of being awake. REM sleep is revealed by continuous movements of the eyes during sleep. At times, dreams may occur during other stages of sleep. However, these dreams tend to be much less vivid or memorable. (Source: Wikipedia)

Since the earliest of recorded histories, people have theorized about the function and meaning of dreams. Answers came largely from the spirit world until Aristotle and Plato developed the drive related hypothesis that was later expanded on by the European psychoanalysts of the 19th and 20th centuries. This hypothesis defines dreaming as a way to act out unconscious desires in a safe or “unreal” setting, presumably because to do so in reality would be unacceptable or even detrimental. But even in the 21st century we still are not sure why we dream. The only way to study dreams is to ask the dreamer. However, one thing we know for sure is that dreaming is something that the vast majority of humans do every night of their lives.

Futsal banned in Kathmandu Valley

Futsal, which literally means ‘room football,’ originated in the inner cities of South American states and was first played indoors in Uruguay in around 1930 AD. An Argentinean named Juan Carlos Ceriani had invented the game to practice football indoors and was enthusiastically adopted across South America. Futsal is played between two teams of five players each and the court has a minimum dimension of 25×16 square meters or a maximum of 42×25 sq m.

The ban has drawn strong criticism in social networking cites with the demand to lift the prohibition at the earliest.

According to the Metropolitan Police Range Office, Teku, the police were compelled to clamp down on futsal after repeated complaints from all quarters of society. The police said most of the complaints were filed by concerned guardians who were worried about illegal betting in futsal venues, bunking of schools and colleges by their wards and increasing intake of drugs and alcohols among the youths. Operating matches till late nights have also been disturbing the locals.

“Majority of futsal entrepreneurs were found not to have registered their company at respective government offices. In addition to that, there is no regulatory body to systematize, regulate and monitor futsal activities,” said SSP Bikram Singh Thapa, chief of Metropolitan Police Range Office, Kathmandu.

SSP Thapa also said that majority of over 200 futsals in Kathmandu Valley have not fulfilled the basic criteria of installing futsal courts.

“There should be a referee or some instructors while operating futsal matches but this has been missing,” said SSP Thapa. The police said they made repeated attempts to regulate futsal but failed to do so.

Following the ban on futsal, a group of futsal entrepreneurs led a delegation to the Kathmandu District Administration Office requesting it to withdraw its decision to ban futsal activities.

Former national football team captain Hari Khadka, who also operates futsal club in Kathmandu, said that it was unjust to ban all the futsals for the faults of a few of them.

“We are ready to come under a regulatory mechanism but the sudden ban is not a solution,” Khadka said.

Chief District Officer of Kathmandu, Ram Krishna Subedi, said that he would soon hold a comprehensive meeting with all stakeholders of futsal and lift the ban after formulating a regulatory mechanism to systematize the growing business.

Earlier, a committee to deal with and regulate futsal-related activities was formed by All Nepal Football Association (ANFA) but the procedure was disrupted due to the devastating earthquake of April.

“None of the futsal entrepreneurs are affiliated to ANFA,” said the football governing body’s General Secretary Dhirendra Pradhan, stressing on the need of a regulatory mechanism to bring the futsal clubs on track.

Source: My Republica

Double-trouble in Nepal

After two massive earthquakes in Nepal, killing more than 8000 people and affecting more that 200,000 families. Nepal is facing acute shortages of fuel, cooking gas, medicines and other supplies because of a two-month long blockade of the main border crossings with India by people demanding greater representation in the Himalayan nation’s new constitution.

India, Nepal’s neighbor on three sides accounts for more than 60% of Nepal’s foreign trade and most of that happens through Birgunj checkpoint which has been blocked by  protesters from the Madhesi communities since Sept.24. Nepal, a landlocked country that shares a frontier with China to the north,  depends entirely on India for fuel and most of its food and medicinal supplies.

The border town of Birgunj is home to Nepal’s largest customs office in terms of revenue that handles almost two-thirds of Nepal’s trade with India. Some traffic at other border crossings has been moving in places with less confrontation between police and protesters, but until the blockade at Birgunj is lifted, supply of critical materials is unlikely to improve.

TEDx

In this blog we are going to talk about a very creative, informative and inspiring program named TEDx. I have been following this program since my high school and has helped me a lot in my own personal growth. It has been my dream to be a part of TEDx and have my own video as a TEDx Fellow. If you are still unknown about what kind of program TEDx is then its your lucky day.

What is TEDx?

The TEDx Program is designed to help communities, organizations and individuals to spark conversation and connection through local TED-like experiences.

At TEDx events, a screening of TED Talks videos or a combination of live presenters and TED Talks videos sparks deep conversation and connections at the local level. TEDx events are planned and coordinated independently, under a free license granted by TED.

History

TED was conceived in 1984 by architect and graphic designer Richard Saul Wurman, who observed a convergence of the fields of technology, entertainment, and design (that is, “TED”). The first conference, organized by Harry Marks and Wurman in the same year, featured demos of the Sony compact disc, and one of the first demonstrations of the Apple Macintosh computer. Presentations were given by famous mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot and influential members of the digerati community, like Nicholas Negroponte and Stewart Brand. The event was financially unsuccessful; it took six years before the second conference was organized.

From 1990 onward, a growing community of “TEDsters” gathered annually at the event in Monterey, California, until 2009, when it was relocated to Long Beach, California due to a substantial increase in attendees. Initially, the speakers had been drawn from the fields of expertise behind the acronym TED, but during the nineties, the roster of presenters broadened to include scientists, philosophers, musicians, religious leaders, philanthropists and many others.

In 2000, Wurman, looking for a successor at age 65, met with new-media entrepreneur and TED enthusiast Chris Anderson to discuss future happenings. Anderson’s UK media company Future bought TED. And, In November 2001, Anderson’s non-profit The Sapling Foundation (motto: “fostering the spread of great ideas.”) acquired TED from Future for £4m. In February 2002, Anderson gave a TEDTalk in which he explained his vision of the conference and his future role of curator. Wurman left after the 2002 conference.

In 2006, attendance cost was $4,400 per person and was by invitation only. The membership model was shifted in January 2007 to an annual membership fee of $6,000, which includes attendance of the conference, club mailings, networking tools, and conference DVDs.

In 2014 the conference was relocated to Vancouver.

TED is currently funded by a combination of various revenue streams, including conference attendance fees, corporate sponsorships, foundation support, licensing fees, and book sales. Corporate sponsorships are diverse, provided by companies such as Google, GE,AOL, Goldman Sachs, The Coca-Cola Company; among others. Sponsors do not participate in the creative direction of the event, nor are they allowed to present on the main stage, in the interests of journalistic independence.

Anuradha Koirala, a feminist of Nepal who has been working to stop girl trafficking and raising awareness not only in Nepal but all over the world. Lets have a look at her sharing and her struggle behind running such a great organisation, Maiti Nepal.

 

Likewise, if you are a person who thinks that your life is not satisfying to you. You are in constant sorrow by people or your own problems. You are not achieving any thing in life. You are a total mess. Then lets decide after watching this video.

So, lets get motivated, inspire others and boost each other by watching and following TEDx program.

HAPPY NEW YEAR

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